Hubungan Pola Asuh Orang Tua terhadap Kemampuan Ssosialisasi pada Anak Pra Sekolah di TK Pertiwi Purwokerto Utara

Joko Tri Suharsono, Aris Fitriyani, Arif Setyo Upoyo

Abstract


The future and development of children would be really depends on experience they have got, include the education and different kinds of parents care pattern that consist of democratic, permissive, and authoritarian care pattern. The social ability is not just intelligences and capabilities but also social adaptabilities, social skills, and social acceptance. The mistakes in social adaptation have a consequence that the children could not adapt well, even in social way or personal way.

The aim of this research is to know the correlation of parent’s care pattern with social ability preschool children in Pertiwi Kindergarten North Purwokerto.The method was analytic correlation with cross sectional approximation. The population in this research was 324 people include every parent and every student in Pertiwi Kindergarten North Purwokerto. The sample of this research was 76 respondents as long as the research from October until November 2008, inclusion and exclusion qualified. Data analysis method with Chi Square.

The univariate analysis showed 25 % with authoritarian care pattern, 30,3 % with permissive care pattern, and 44,7% parents with democratic care pattern. The analysis in children social ability showed 42,1 % substantial, 26,3 % moderate, and 31,6 % have limited social ability. The children with authoritarian care pattern have 5,3 % children with substantial social ability, 36,8 % moderate, and 57,9 % children with limited social ability. The children with permissive care pattern have 17,4 % substantial, 43,5 % moderate, and 39,1 % children with limited social ability.

The children with democratic care pattern have 79,4 % children with substantial social ability, 8,8 % moderate, and 11, 8 % children with limited social ability. The bivariat analysis of correlation between the parents care pattern to social ability in preschool children with p < 0,05 show that there is significant correlation the parent’s care pattern with social ability preschool children in Pertiwi Kindergarten North Purwokerto with p = 0,000. There is significant correlation between the parent’s care pattern with social ability preschool children in Pertiwi Kindergarten North Purwokerto (p = 0,000).

 



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